Buddhism in Bangladesh | Wikipedia audio article

Buddhism in Bangladesh | Wikipedia audio article


It is said that Buddha once in his life came
to this region East Bengal to spread Buddhism and he was successful to convert the local
people of East Bengal to Buddhism. Buddhism is now the third largest religion
in Bangladesh with about 0.7% of population adhering to Theravada Buddhism. Over 65% of the Buddhist population is concentrated
in the Chittagong Hill Tracts region, where Buddhism the predominant faith of the Chakma,
Marma, Tanchangya, other Jumma people and the Barua, while the remaining 35% of the
population are from the Bengali Buddhist community. Buddhist communities are present in the urban
centers of Bangladesh, particularly Chittagong and Dhaka.==Demographic overview==
As of 2014, followers of Buddhism are mainly people of Baruas living in Chittagong city,
the business city of Bangladesh and indigenous Arakanese descent living in the sub-tropical
Chittagong Hill Tracts. People who follow Buddhism in Bangladesh belong
to the Barua people in majority with the percentage of 65% among the 0.07% population of Bangladesh,
Chakma, Chak, Marma, Tanchangya and the Khyang, who had been since time immemorial have practiced
Buddhism. Other tribes, notably those who practice Animism,
have come under some Buddhist influence, and this is true in the case of the Khumi and
the Mru, and to a lesser extent on the other tribes.==History==Legend said that Gautama Buddha came to the
region to spread Buddhism, and it was speculated that one or two individuals became monks to
follow in his footsteps. However, Buddhism did not gain much support
until the reign of Asoka when Buddhism gained a toehold. The Pala Empire that controlled the Indian
subcontinent spread many Buddhist ideologies in modern Bangladesh and built many monasteries
such as the Mahasthangarh and the Somapura Mahavihara. During the Pala Dynasty, a famous teacher
named Atisha was born in the city of Bikrampur and spread Mahayana Buddhism. Chandra Dynasty’s Puranchandra and Subarnachandra
adopted Buddhism, as did their successors Trailokyachandra and Srichandra who ruled
Harikel and Chandradwip (Barisal). The Khadga Dynasty was a Buddhist dynasty
of kings that carried the surname Bhatt. They made several temples and monasteries. King Rajabhata was for example a very committed
Mahayanist Buddhist.Buddhism in various forms appears to have been prevalent at the time
of the Turkish conquest in 1202. The invading armies apparently found numerous
monasteries, which they destroyed. With the destruction of centers of Buddhist
learning, such as Nalanda University, Buddhism rapidly disintegrated. In subsequent centuries and up through the
1980s nearly all the remaining Buddhists lived in the region around Chittagong, which had
not been entirely conquered until the time of the British Raj (1858–1947). During the 19th century, a revival movement
developed that led to the development of two orders of Theravada monks, the Sangharaj Nikaya
and the Mahasthabir Nikaya. In the Chittagong Hills, Buddhist tribes formed
the majority of the population, and their religion appeared to be a mixture of tribal
beliefs and Buddhist doctrines. According to the 1981 census, there were approximately
538,000 Buddhists in Bangladesh, representing less than 1 percent of the population.===Ancient Buddhist Universities in Bangladesh
===Somapura Mahavihara in Naogaon, Rajshahi Division. Jagaddala Mahavihara in Naogaon, Rajshahi
Halud Vihara in Naogaon, Rajshahi Agrapuri Vihara in Naogaon, Rajshahi
Vasu Vihara in Bogra, Rajshahi Sitakot Vihara in Nawabganj, Rangpur Division. Bhitagarh in Panchagarh District, Rangpur
Division. Pandit Vihara in Chittagong
Bikrampur Vihara in Bikrampur, Dhaka Division. Shalban Vihara in Comilla
Wari-Bateshwar ruins in Narsingdi, Dhaka Division.==Culture==There are several monasteries in the Chittagong,
and in most Buddhist villages there is a school (kyong) where boys live and learn to read
Bengali (national language) and some Pali (an ancient Buddhist scriptural language). It is common for men who have finished their
schooling to return at regular intervals for periods of residence in the school. The local Buddhist shrine is often an important
center of village life. Buddhism outside the monastic retreats has
absorbed and adapted indigenous popular creeds and beliefs of the regions to which it has
spread. In most areas religious ritual focuses on
the image of the Buddha, and the major festivals observed by Buddhists in Bangladesh commemorate
the important events of his life. Although doctrinal Buddhism rejects the worship
of gods and preserves the memory of the Buddha as an enlightened man, popular Buddhism contains
a pantheon of gods and lesser deities headed by the Buddha. The Ministry of Religious Affairs provides
assistance for the maintenance of Buddhist places of worship and relics. The ancient monasteries at Paharpur (in Rajshahi
Region) and Mainamati (in Comilla Region), dating from the seventh to ninth century A.D.,
are considered unique for their size and setting and are maintained as state-protected monuments.==Prominent Bangladeshi Buddhists==Bhikkhus (monks)Ven. Jyotipala Mahathera
Rajguru Aggavamsa Mahathera Ven. Prajnananda Mahathera
AtisaAdministrationDeputy secretary and above Barrister Devasish Roy, Chakma Raja (Chakma
Circle Chief)PoliticsDilip Barua (Communist Party of Bangladesh (Marxist–Leninist) (Barua)). Currently Minister of Industries. Jyotirindra Bodhipriya LarmaArts and literatureKanak
Chanpa Chakma, artist Bipradash Barua, author
Partha Barua, singer, lead vocal and guitarist of Souls BandCricketerDebabrata Barua
Debashish Barua Sumon Barua==See also==
Barua (Bangladesh) Chakma people
Marma people Rakhine people
Jumma people==References==

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