BUDDHIST STORIES: KING PASENADI OF KOSALA – Oct 01, 2015

BUDDHIST STORIES: KING PASENADI OF KOSALA – Oct 01, 2015


International Gathering with
Supreme Master Ching Hai EUROPE, JUL – OCT 2015 BUDDHIST STORIES:
“KING PASENADI OF KOSALA” OCTOBER 1, 2015 All right, thank you.
Hallo, everybody. Hallo, Master! Can you hear me? (Yes!) Can you hear me? (Yes!) Good, I can see you, I can see you. That’s all of you
who are there today? OK. Some have left? And some newcomer, any newcomer? Raise hand. How come see only half
and the rest, where are they? OK. Any newcomer? How many? Only one? Yes. Three more coming. Wow! Two? Three. Three more coming. Only three? (Yes.) What? You said
three more coming. (Yes.) So, it’s six? No, no. Totally three and me: four. OK, it’s good, it’s good. Welcome, welcome. (Yeah.) Wow, it’s very… it looks warm there. Are you warm enough there? (Yes.) I’m sorry because
they worry about fire problem, so they don’t let us put
this kind of carpet on. Maybe later. Because
nobody was there recently, and we didn’t buy any fireproof carpet so you came today, just a surprise. Today here it’s very windy,
cold and wet. How about there? Is it better? (Yes.) Outside’s windy also. Same? (Yes.) Hallo? It’s windy there? Less right, less windy, right? It’s very windy. OK. But over there,
it’s more protected. (Yes.) Because they have a high wall,
high fence and something is more… But don’t stay outside anyway, OK. Even here is very cold. Even today, I don’t let
the big dog follow me because it’s so windy outside
and so cold and wet. I had to go with umbrella
and I told him stay in the cave and he wasn’t very happy at all. He misses you guys. He was standing all day
next to the steps here, next to the talking hall,
the meditation hall here and waiting somebody to open,
open gate for him. It’s OK.
Every party has to end sometimes, yes. I am glad you are there. It’s better. Is it warmer there, they put heater
or air con heater on for you? Yes, Master. If it’s cold, it’s warm,
you find some technician to… if you don’t know
how to regulate these air con. We have like six air cons around you
which can turn into heaters. It’s a reverse kind of air con. It’s warmer than here,
warmer than where I am. We don’t have… we have a heater
but I don’t know how to use it. We could manage,
it’s just more room there. Every two, three, three or four people
in one room, is that correct? (Yes.) Yeah, like luxury hotel. Over there you’re free,
you feel good. OK, but I’m glad you settled down
there for a couple days or one day, two days or whatever. And if outside too cold, too wet,
then tell them you eat inside… there’s somewhere,
maybe there’s somewhere, some room you can eat inside
or it’s warmer, OK? (OK.) I told you October is no good. You saw already? You see right now? First day October, immediately
you see rain and cold and windy and sometime strong,
you know? Typhoon something, the tail
or the head of the typhoon will be here and you will feel it.
It’s very cold wind. And sometimes it even snows
in this mountain. Yeah! Very little but it does snow. Oh, and we come out and it’s very rare,
so we come out and take photos. And if the Quebecois is here
you know the Canadian, she will think,
“What’s the fuss about snow? We can bring you tons from Canada!” OK. So you feel OK now?
(Yes, Master.) Did they cook good
for you today, cook well? (Yes, very good.) Enough? Everybody had enough food? (Yes.) Anyway, whatever I could give you,
I had already given. If you stay here today,
there’s not much difference. OK, I’m glad that you are there. Yes. Any complaints? (No.) No? You’re good, OK. We still can see each other. Immediately you see? Immediately it rains today,
the first day of October. Did I tell you October
it will be cold and rain and etc.? Did I tell you? No, I guess not. I told the other group. That’s why in October we’re not having any people
coming here, understand? Even if we do, we must organize more.
See what I mean? Make a more solid roof and walls
and proper doors, like a solarium but with doors,
with cement around in some areas so that the rain doesn’t run
from the higher area here to the lower area of the kitchen. And if you stay here today,
you’ll be all wet. You can’t stay outside. Today, if you stay here today, I didn’t have to fight
with you to bring you in. You will fight with me to come inside! You remind me of my dog, the big dog. He loves to be outdoors so much that sometimes I have to
fight with him to bring him in. I drag him in. I push him in
because he likes to be free, so that he can run around the house
and protect me. That’s what it is. He’s a guard dog, through and through. He doesn’t show much affection except now and then he comes
and snuggles around “sissy sassy,” but normally he’s not a wagging tail dog. He looks very serious? (Yes.) But we all love him, huh? (Yes.) Yeah, I love him so much,
I love him so much. I was saying to one of my helpers, if I love anybody as much as I love
this dog, the world will have peace. So you guys work hard, so I can love you
like I love my dog, OK? Then we have peace, Just joking,
just a different kind of love, different kind of love, right? That’s why people love their dog.
They have dog as pet, but they’re still married
to a husband or a wife. It’s a different love. Or they still have children, apart from loving the dog,
they love children. It’s different, just different. OK, you can hear me well? Yes! (Yes, Master) Wow! That is very good. See, high tech?
Over there we have high tech. I’m trying to look for a story for you
but I’m not sure. Today, I’ve been very, very busy. According to Buddhism
and the believers and the tradition, when you read sutra and all that, you have to put on incense, flowers, and bow to the sutra first, and thank all the Buddhas
and Bodhisattvas in ten directions respectfully
before you read it. And then you cover the sutra also
with (vegan) silk or beautiful cloth. I just make it more popular,
more easy, simple. I apologize to all the Buddhas. I say,
“If I have done something wrong according to the tradition, my heart is full of respect. It’s just that I cannot always do that. So please, all the sin, whatever I have done wrong,
is all on me.” At least, other people, when
they hear the names of the Buddhas, according to the sutra,
they will get benefit. OK, I read a short story, OK? This is a story about a king. His name is Pasenadi of Kosala. I must use my magic weapon,
magic instruments. Nowadays we have so many
magic instruments. OK. This story was told by the Buddha. Thus I have heard, while he was in residence at Jettavana with reference to
King Pasenadi of Kosala. Again, we thank the Buddha
and Reverend Ananda for this wonderful story which he remembered
from the assembly where the Buddha told this story
or he witnessed the story and then he tell us and now, we can inherit all this beautiful,
morally encouraging stories. We thank you, and thank all the people who helped to pass on
these beautiful stories. Now at a certain period of his life, this king used to eat boiled rice
cooked by the bucketful, and sauce and curry in proportion,
meaning he ate a lot. One day after he had his breakfast, unable to shake off the drowsy feeling
occasioned by overeating, he went to see the Teacher,
meaning the Buddha, and paced back and forth before him
with a very weary look. Overcome by drowsiness, unable to lay down
and stretch himself out, he sat down on one side. Thereupon the Teacher,
meaning the Buddha asked him, “Did you come, great king,
before you were well rested?” “Oh no, World Honored One,”
replied the king, “but I always suffer greatly
after eating a meal.” Yeah, but what kind of meal,
you know what I mean? Bucketful of boiled rice, and sauce
and curry in big portion as well; if anybody ate like that,
he’ll feel restless indeed, huh? No wonder in front of the Buddha
but he couldn’t calm himself, he walked back and forth,
back and forth in front of him. Have any of you ever ate so much? You? No, you don’t look fat, you can’t. (Before, not anymore.)
Not anymore? But do you feel so suffering
because you couldn’t eat a lot? No, when I was having trouble
sometimes I’d eat. I understand.
This has happened to a lot of people. They eat for comfort
because they have nothing else. Sometimes, I’m also not
all that disciplined, you know? When you upset me, I go in and eat. Lucky I don’t look too fat
so people don’t know that I ate a lot. Oh, not really, one day, someday,
I always say to the monk, the nuns, you know. I had one Korean nun and one Formosa (Taiwanese) nun
helping with the dog, and everything else I do myself. I cook, I clean, I wash my clothes,
everything now. Only when I’m really extremely busy then maybe they help me out.
But I prefer to do all that myself. If you just eat and sit all day, it’s also uncomfortable
like this king. No matter how little or how much,
you feel drowsy. You should also exercise. Working is exercise, a kind of exercise
but practical exercise. I wonder why people don’t like to work
except when you are tired, exhausted physically,
or mentally sometimes, depends on the work. Some people don’t like to work. Yeah, some people really
didn’t like to work. Some people came,
they professed to come and help me, be a useful person for Master but as soon as I asked them
to do something they’d say, “What, 50 jobs a day?” Exaggerating, only a couple of jobs like clean the yard,
clean the yard or wipe the floor. You do the same at home, no?
If you have a yard, you clean. If you have a floor,
you wipe it when it’s dirty. So this king should listen
to my lecture here. You tell him after eating,
eat less and then go exercise, clean his royal palace
or go bicycle, bicycling. Or do some exercise in the gym. Or go swimming, or go walking. Then he doesn’t have to pace
back and forth in front of the Buddha like that. And wherever the Buddha was
there were many other people as well. It’s not dignified for a king to exercise,
especially because of overeating. So he said he always suffered
greatly after eating a meal. No wonder, what kind of meal he’d eat, buckets of boiled rice, a bucket full. Not just a bowl like us. OK, sorry. I said sometimes
to the nuns or monks, or whoever’s around me sometimes, I say to them, “Never mind,
eat some more, don’t be shy.” Because I share my meal with them,
if it’s a good one. If it’s lousy then of course
it’s just for me. I share with them and with the dog. And sometimes they’re shy, they worry that they should
leave some for me. I say, “Don’t worry, I’m done. Even then, if you eat more,
I eat less then it’s good for me. So I don’t have to go working
so hard to digest it.” And they say, “Oh Master but, but…” I say, “Never mind, we monks
and nuns have nothing left. We don’t have family,
we don’t have anything, we don’t have husband,
we don’t have wife, we don’t have children, we don’t have good clothing,
we don’t have anything luxury. We only have some food,
so just eat, don’t worry about it.” So I told you I’m not
a very good discipline example. I say, “Food is all we have, just eat.” Whenever I invite them,
I encourage them to eat. This is not a good thing
but I always did that. But we don’t eat buckets
like this guy, like this king. So we don’t have to pace
back and forth in front of the Buddha, even if we have a Buddha,
we have a wooden Buddha but we don’t need to do that. So the Teacher said to him,
the Buddha said to him, “Great king, overeating always
brings suffering in its train.” So saying,
he pronounced the following stanza: “A dullard drowsy with much gluttony,
engrossed in sleep, who wallows as he lies, like a great porker stuffed
with fattening food, comes ever and again unto the womb.” My God! Does anyone understand that? If anyone who eats too much
like this king for example, then they also be more engrossed
in slumber, sleep too much and drowsy. And then he wallows as he lies like a great porker stuffed
with fattening food. And then this person,
this kind of person would come ever again and again
into the womb meaning? Meaning what? Reborn after he dies. Yeah, how you know? It’s good experience. You have experience.
We all do. OK, so this is…
the Buddha warned everybody that if we are gluttonous, we eat, overeat, then we will also be drowsy,
sleepy, too sleepy. And then we cannot think too much, we can’t meditate very well and then we will be reincarnated
again, again and again, just to eat. And then sleep. And then eat and sleep
and eat and sleep until we sleep forever in the tomb. At the conclusion of the lesson,
the Buddha, desiring to help the king
pronounced the following stanza, “If a man is ever mindful,
if moderate in taking food, his sufferings will be but slight,”
meaning very little suffering. “He ages slowly,
preserving his life as well.” Not only his suffering is very little
but he will age gracefully and then he can live long,
preserving his life. I remember my grandma
always told me, “The less you eat,
the longer you will be full.” That’s what she said. “The less you eat, the longer you’re full; the more you eat,
the sooner you’re hungry.” My grandma used to tell me that. She always shared her food with me.
Bless her soul. And it’s true, she lived
until one hundred zero five, fit and healthy. She was working until a very old age,
as long as I remember; she was already 70 or something
when I was with her. She worked to earn her living still. At home, worked at home. My aunt had a jewelry shop and she also took up some
polishing work to do at home, and while I was reading
like ancient romance for her, like Romance of
the Three Kingdoms and Monkey Goes West, the Buddhist story
about Xuanzang the monk who went to India to bring back
all the sutras from Hindi back to China. And that’s why we have
many nowadays, mostly translated from Chinese and then into Aulacese (Vietnamese)
and also Pali and all that. Yes, because of him that he took, he copied and took the sutras back and then preserved them, reprinting and that’s how we have them
circulated nowadays, including these stories. We are really grateful to
Xuanzang the great Master and his three disciples: the monkey, the pig,
the pig, looks like a pig and, OK I forgot his name, one is Sun Wu Kong
and the other is Sa Tăng and the other is Zhu Bajie, meaning he looked like the pig. And Sun Wu Kong looked
like a monkey and the other guy he looked like, he looked similar
to some of the demons, but he was a very good-hearted person. Actually I think maybe
the Great Master Xuanzang didn’t have as many disciples as that. The monkey symbolized the mind,
very intelligent, clever and sometimes having magical power and sometimes having good intelligence
to deal with different situations. And the other one who resembled
the pig symbolized our laziness, our gluttonous desire sometimes,
sleepiness and sluggishness, laziness, OK, for example. He even had a horse who could talk and he helped a lot,
the horse also helped a lot during his journey,
the long journey to India and back. It was really a very interesting story. Did any of you read it? (Yes.) At least the Chinese people,
you read? (Yes, Master.) The Monkey Went to the West. If not, there is a video tape,
a video, the series, they make many tapes
of that story, it’s cool. For children, I guess they will like it. If they have it translated into English
or your language then you can buy for the children. It’s very nice, very educational
as well, and fun. All right then, after the Teacher taught,
meaning the Buddha, but in this translation they always
call him the Teacher, and now and then he’d forget and called him Tathagata
or Buddha, very seldom. Mostly he just said the Teacher and like initiation, he’d say
the Buddha taught thanksgiving. I guess he didn’t know the meaning
of a truly inner initiation. OK, that’s why. After the Buddha taught this stanza
to Prince Uttara and said to him, “Whenever the king sits down to eat you must recite this stanza to him.” He didn’t tell the king, he tells the prince
to remind the king. “And by this means you must
cause him to diminish his food.” In these words, the Buddha told him
just what means to employ. The prince did as he was directed. After a time, the king was content
with a pint pot of rice at most and became lean and cheerful. He established intimate relations
with the Buddha and for seven days gave the gifts
beyond compare, meaning something
that is not material, OK? It is in another sutra,
another story called Buddhist Legends. Maybe one day we’ll read that
as well if I find it, Buddhist Legends,
or Dhammapada Commentary. Maybe one day we’ll find out
if we have that on the Internet. Then maybe I’ll read it to you. If you’re lucky, if you behave, if you have enough good merit.
Big deal. So then, when the Buddha
pronounced the words of rejoicing for the gifts presented to him
by the king, the assembled multitude obtained
great spiritual advantage. Wow, I’m also curious to know
what that gift is. One day we’ll find out. OK, right, it’s the end. The story ends. Thank you, the Buddha,
Ananda, and all involved that we have this beautiful story. Do you hear the rain outside? (No.) No, in there? No. I can hear it because
the window is not completely closed. Oh, it’s so nice to sit in a warm room
and hear the rain. I love this kind of… I always love it. Whenever it rains, if you’re
inside the room or inside the cover and you hear the rain
from the roof or outside, I love that. It feels so lucky, so cozy, so fortunate that you can be inside
the warm and dry area. I appreciate that more than
when it’s not raining, don’t you? (Yes.) You feel that? (Yes.) In Au Lac (Vietnam)
when I was younger, our house because after the war, we didn’t had that much wealth;
we just had enough to live. And then my mother had also been
cheated by other people, took a lot of money from her and then she had a baby,
you know my sister, the one who told you stories
the other day. So our family was not very well off
at that time, just enough to survive. So we had a thatch… you call it a thatch house
which is not made, the roof was not made with bricks
or tiling roof or anything like that. It was made with thatch, with grass, many layers of grass or wheat,
the dry wheat from the field. And then surrounding
we used like mud, mud mixed with chopped,
chopped wheat, dry wheat, dry grass. And then they use like bamboos
tied together like mesh. And then they put this mud
on it, to make a wall. And then also the door was
from the ancient, from the old house. So, I asked my father,
“Why don’t we buy a new door?” He said, “No, we are not
in a favorable time. If we make our house too luxurious, then people think we have money and other people who don’t
have money will feel envious of us. And that is not so good
to provoke this kind of feeling toward us from many people.” Because after the war, I was a kid, I felt like our house should be
like the neighbor’s house, more proper looking,
with a new door and all that; this is an old door and don’t
look like very, very pros… (prosperous) a kid, you know. But he was very wise, I think,
he said, “No, after the war, many people are poor
and without roof even. And we are fortunate already
to have a house. Even with thatch roof,
it’s good enough. We should not be so showy,
showing off. And we live also in a rural area
not inside the city. We should not provoke
people’s jealousy, and envy and sadness for them.” I was a kid, but I understood.
I said, “Yeah, all right.” What can I do? If I didn’t say all right, what can I do? Anyway, OK. And then, this kind of roof is
not very soundproof like the houses we have
in Europe, with the tiled roof. So when it rained, even if you closed
all the doors and window, you still could hear the rain on the roof because it’s waterproof
but it’s kind of airy, it’s kind of cool, you know? I could like… I would not mind to live in
such a house again now when I’m older. I don’t think so much value
of the outside. But now I know the value
more from inside, so I would really like to
live in that house again. Because when it rains you can hear,
“Tik, tik, tik, tik…” like music. Different tones the whole night, and it just makes you
ease into your dreams. And you love all that,
you love to feel warm inside and safe. You feel safer, warmer.
You feel more fortunate. It reminds you that
you are really fortunate. Yes, so I always love this sound. Oh, now, now, you hear that outside? It’s raining and it’s beautiful, beautiful. But of course, it’s not beautiful for the people
who have to work at night, like maybe the policemen,
the security people or some people who for some reason
have to work outside. Feel sorry for them. Of course when I was a kid
I did not know all this. I just feel very lucky
and happy to stay inside and hear the rain, “Tik, tik, tik.” I don’t know why I tell you all this. OK, OK, but nowadays, I heard that
in my hometown, in my home village, they already made apartments
in my land because my parents sold it. I told them because
they were older then, so I bought a house
for them in the capital, Saigon, now it’s Ho Chi Minh. So they stay there,
so it’s easier for them to access to hospital and all that. It’s more convenient. My sister also stays there now, her husband also together,
whole family there. Because I remember when I was young my mother was ill and my father was imprisoned,
it was so difficult. My mother’s life was hanging
between life and death and my sister was born, just born baby, and if my father had not been able
to come home, released like that, then my mother would have died because for many days
she could not pass water. She could not pass water,
you understand? And her stomach was swollen,
some infection or something like that. Or she was really dying,
very uncomfortable. But as soon as my father came back, he released, relieved her
of everything, then she’s better. And then a few days later,
he was also released for good. That’s why I keep telling you
war is not good. It’s not just people and maiming children, women,
old, elderly or anybody, but the aftermath is also
bringing suffering of some kind. And now in Europe we experience the most,
the biggest exodus of refugees since World War II, or could be the worst of all time, the most, the biggest of all time,
could be like that. It’s not fun. A lot of people die and suffering,
suffer a lot, a lot, a lot. I don’t really like to talk about it.
So we say something better. Well, at least that king,
his country was at peace. That’s why he has a lot of food to eat. But later, the Buddha helped him
to cut short, diminish, lessen his gluttony
and he became a better person. Yeah, actually if you eat a lot, you can’t think much,
you just want to sleep. If you are lucky, you can sleep but sometime eating too much,
you can’t sleep either. OK, so any questions right now? Everything clear? Not much? I just want to say, “Hallo.” And then see if you’re OK or not and you’re happy there or not. Situations change, so we change, OK? So I wish you have a good,
very good meditational night. I know you prefer to stay here, but I want you safe
and more comfortable there, OK? Maybe another time,
summertime or something, OK? Just one or two days anyway, OK? It’s all wet here. My sofa goes inside,
dog’s bed goes inside. My dog pushed inside my cave already. As soon as I turned off the light,
I did not even go out of the gate, he shook his body
and shook the blanket, he wanted to, he stood up ready
to come in here already, but I said, “No, no, no,
you stay here now, you stay here. Please stay here, I’ll come back soon.” Because if he went out, he’d get wet.
It’s very wet. With one umbrella, I don’t think
I can protect both of us. Because he runs fast, or he runs slow or he sniffs here and there,
and then he’ll get wet. And then I will be busy
cleaning him, drying him and then I will not be able to talk to you. Just … can’t have everything. All right, so I’m glad to see
that you’re happy there. Are you happy? (Yes!) (Of course.)
Anything you need, you just tell the kitchen there
and the office, OK, all right, no problem? No. All right, good night then, God bless.
(Good night, Master.) Meditate well, all right, bye.

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