Assallaamu ‘alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh! Welcome to episode #4 of preparing for Ramadan. In the previous episode we talked about Those people who don’t fast during the month of Ramadan or those who are excused from fasting. In this episode we are going to talk about making up those missed fasts. Now, as a general rule a person who has fasts to make up Those fast must be made up before the start of the next or the following Ramadan. So a person has 12 months to make up those fasts. Now what happens if the next Ramadan has arrived and that person has not made up their missed fasts? In this case we would say, either someone didn’t make up their missed fasts and they had a valid excuse
or they didn’t have a valid excuse. When we say valid excuse we’re talking about things like Travel and illness, so the travel took up that year and they were unable to fast. Or their illness or sickness lasted a year; it took up that year and they were unable to fast We’re talking about things like
pregnancy and breast feeding. Those type of valid excuses In this case, the person is not blameworthy in the least. They simply make up their missed fasts as soon as they’re able to do so. As for the person that didn’t have a valid excuse So it was out of negligence. They got lazy or whatever. This person must also make up their missed fasts as soon as possible. But, on top of that or added to that they should also feed a poor person for every fast that was missed and wasn’t made up as well. Now this is the opinion of the majority of the madhahib. And it seems to be the safest opinion in this matter. And Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala Knows best! Second issue! What if someone dies and they had fast to be made up And they never made them up? Once again we would say either they weren’t made up and a person had a valid excuse or they didn’t have a valid excuse. Now as for a person who was unable to make up their missed fast with a valid excuse, then there’s nothing that needs to be done for this person, and that’s that. But, the person who didn’t have a valid excuse, Then their family members can feed a poor person on their behalf, for every day that was missed. Also what is recommended is that they walī, or the guardian of the deceased, make up that missed fast on their behalf. This is based of the hadith, The Prophet (Peace & Blessings be upon him) mentioned in Sahih Bukhari & Sahih Muslim In which The Prophet (Peace & Blessings be upon him) said: ‘That the person who dies and there was a fast upon them…’
(meaning the fast that they had to make up) ‘That the person who dies and there was a fast upon them…’
(meaning the fast that they had to make up) ‘…then their guardian fasts on their behalf.’ Once again, this is the safer opinion.
And Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala Knows best! Alright! I’ll see you in the next episode insha’Allah ta’ala!
Take Care! Wassallaamu ‘alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh!