Ramadan and Fasting in the Quran

Ramadan and Fasting in the Quran


Fasting (Saum) Every lunar year, the month of Ramaḍān, the fast of which is one of the pillars of Islam, comes to the Muslims. It is a time in which the Muslims rejoice greatly, being joyful because of the great benefits of this month. Allah, the exalted, says: “O you who believe! Observing As-Saum (fasting) is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, that you may be pious.” (Al- Baqarah: 183) The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Islām is built upon five pillars,” and he mentioned fasting in the month of Ramaḍān. And in a Qudsi hadeeth the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “Indeed, every righteous deed of the son of Adam will be multiplied from ten times to seven hundred times. However Allah Almighty says: ‘Fasting is an exception. This is because, i He left his yearnings, wishes and food for My sake. Thus, he who fasts has two pleasures: a pleasure when he breaks the fast at sunset and another when he meets his Lord. And, indeed, the change in odor (Al Khaloof) of his mouth is more pleasing to Allah The scholars of Islamic Law define fasting as: to worship Allah by abstaining from the ingestion of food, drinks as well as sexual intercourse from dawn until sunset. The scholars have divided fasting which Allah ordained for us into two types. The first type is obligatory and is the fast of Ramaḍān, as well as fasting due to pledges which a Muslim pledged in obedience to Allah or as a result of expiation for one’s inequities. As for the second type, it is the fasts which are recommended, for example fasting on Mondays and Thursdays, fasting three days of every month, on the tenth day of Muharram ( first month of the Islamic calendar), the first ten days of Dhul Hijjah (the 12t The commencement of Ramaḍān is established by the sighting of the crescent. When the crescent is sighted after sunset on the twenty ninth day of Sha’ban, it indeed indicates the commencement of Ramaḍān. However, if the crescent was not seen due to cloudy The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “Fast when it (the crescent) is seen and break (the Ramadan fast) when it is seen, but when it is obscured from your sight, then complete the count up to thirty.” Fasting is only obligatory on a Muslim who has reached puberty, is sane, and has the ability to fast. Intention is one of the most important pillars of fasting. The scholars said: “It is obligatory to make the intention to fast the night before dawn if it is a compulsory fast, however this (making intention the night before dawn) is not mandatory if the f This is in accordance with the hadeeth narrated by ‘Aishah, the Mother of the believers (may Allah be pleased with her): “The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) entered one day and said: ‘Is there anything to eat?’ We answered that there was not. Upon that he (the Prophet) said: ‘Hence, I am fasting.’” The second pillar of fasting is the Abstention from everything that invalidates the fast from dawn until sunset. This is due to Allah, the Exalted, saying: “.. and eat and drink until the white thread (light) of dawn appears to you distinct from the black If anyone mistakenly eats before sunset or after dawn, and then it becomes clear to him that his initial perception was wrong, it is not mandatory upon him to pay back such a fast. Concerning this Allah, the Exalted, says: “…and there is no sin on you concerning that in which you made a mistake, except in regard to what your hearts deliberately intended, And Allah is Ever Oft- Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (Al- Ahzab: 5). The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) also said: “Allah Almighty has relieved my nation of the sins they commit as a result of mistakes, forgetfulness and that which they were forced to do.” Contrary to what many people think, it is permissible to bathe and sit in a pool of cool water when one is fasting, And also swallow one’s saliva and mucus, As well as taste food, but only with one’s tongue, on the condition that none of it slips into the throat. Similarly it is permissible to smell the odor of any substance, and the fragrance of air fresheners. Also it is permissible to use the as-siwak (chewing stick), even if it is wet, but he should be careful not to allow any of it to slip into his throat. There are many recommended acts during fasting: The first one is eating Sahoor (the pre-dawn meal), due to the saying of the Prophet (peace be upon him): “Eat the pre-dawn meal, for indeed, there are blessings in having the pre-dawn meal.” Any amount of It is recommended to delay the pre-dawn meal. Zayd ibn Thābit (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “We had the pre-dawn meal with the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) one day and we left (from the sitting) for Salāh.” Anas ibn Mālik said: “What range of time was between both (your meal and Salāh)?” He said: “Up to the span of reading 50 verses Proof of the mercy and forgiveness of Islamic legislation is the hadeeth in which the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “If any of you hears the call to prayer while his container (cup of water) is in his hand, he should not drop it until he sa And also due to the mercy of Islam, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Whoever eats or drinks forgetfully while fasting should complete his fast, for it is Allah who has fed him and provided for him what he drank.” It is recommended for one who is fasting to break his fast early, whenever he is sure the sun has set. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “People will not cease to be in blessings whenever they hasten breaking their fast.” Likewise, it is recommended to have one’s iftar (meal for breakfast) with what the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to break his fast with. This has been reported from Anas ibn Mālik (may Allah be pleased with him) as he said: “The Prophet used to break h otherwise he would drink (hassa) sips of water.” It is also recommended to say a supplication when breaking one’s fast at iftar. It has been established that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him), when breaking his fast, would say: “The thirst is gone and the veins are moistened, and the reward One who is fasting has to avoid vain talk and obscenity. This is because the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “On the day when any of you fasts, he should not utter vain talk (Ar-Rafath) and should not fight nor shout. If anyone abuses or fights him, he should say: I am fasting.” Similarly it is recommended to worship Allah Almighty more, as righteous deeds in Ramaḍān are rewarded in manifolds. Ibn ‘Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) was the most generous of men and he

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