World Heritage Sites – Ajanta and Ellora Caves
Ajanta and Ellora caves not only in India but also famous in all over world. The Ajanta Caves is a protected monument in the take care of the Archaeological Survey of India. Ajanta Caves have been a UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) World Heritage Site since 1983. Ajanta caves is world famous tourist place, so thousands of tourist come here to unfold the mystery and beauty of Ajanta-Ellora caves. These caves are found in Aurangabad district of Maharashtra state of Bharat (also known as Hindustan & India). To reach this site you may choose flight from Mumbai which take about 1 hour to reach here or you may travel here by bus or Railway. When you come to visit ajanta-ellora caves don’t forget to see Mughal king Aurangzeb’s fort and Baba Shah Mujjafar Dargah, as these are also world famous. In Aurangabad you may also see Bibi Ka Makbara, which is generally compared to Tajmahal Agra. Ajanta Caves and Ellora Caves are not only heritage of India but also the heritage of World.
Ellora caves are famous for the temples of Bodh, Hindu and Jain religion. Ellora caves are not open on Tuesday. Ellora caves have 12 Bodh caves, which are built in 7th and 8th century. Ellora caves have 17 Hindu caves, which are built in 6th and 9th century. Ellora caves have 5 Jain caves, which are built in 9th century. In Ellora 16th number caves is very famous, as it have huge statue of lord Shiva built by cutting of single rock, It is world’s biggest statue made by cutting of single rock; It is known that to make this statue 150 years’ time period and 7000 workers indulge in this work day and night continuously. In Ellora-Caves in cave number 32, Statue of Mahavir Swami is also very famous. 3D paintings and sculpture of Ellora caves pillar are also very attractive.
Ajanta Caves are situated at about 100KM distance from Ellora caves. Ajanta caves not open on Monday. These caves are famous for paintings and sculpture. Temples of Ajanta-caves are made by cutting of rocks in half-moon shape. Statues of Ajanta-caves are decorated with ornaments and colorful paintings. Tourist can see here 30 rock cut caves at Ajanta, which have been excavated in a panoramic horseshoe shaped valley of Waghora river. These all rock cut caves are built from 1st to 5th century. These caves belongs to two different phases of Buddism- The earlier phase known as Hinayana Phase starts from second century BC to first century AD, and Later phase known as Mahayana Phase starts from fifth century AD to sixth century AD.
Some of the magnificent paintings of Ajanta caves for which these caves are famous all over the world are seen in cave number 1,2,9,10,16, and cave number 17.They depict episodes from the life of Lord Buddha and scenes from the tales of Jataka. Cave No. 26 depict Buddha’s Mahaparinirvana means Buddha’s release from cycle of rebirth. Ajanta caves have stunning paintings all around except floor, means where you see wall, ceiling, pillar, tomb, door all around you find attractive paintings which let you stay there for long time.
These caves of Ajanta and Ellora are world famous and included in UNESCO World Heritage list, so thousands of tourist come here every single day……
World Heritage – The Ajanta Caves located at geo location of (75°40’ N; 20°30’ E). These caves are to be found at a expanse of 107 kilometer north of Aurangabad, in Maharastra State of India. The Ajanta-caves attained the name “AJANTA” from a nearby village named Ajanta at distance of about 12 kilometer. These caves of ajanta were revealed by an Army-personnel in 1819 during one of his hunting trips. Rapidly the finding turn into very famous and Ajanta achieved a very significant tourist target in the world. The ajanta caves are very well-known for its paintings.